Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 5 June The Guardian. Retrieved 25 February Certainly the new phenomenon of white poverty is often blamed on the government's Affirmative Action employment legislation, which reserves 80 per cent of new jobs for blacks. Retrieved 24 August According to the police's latest crime statistics, which were announced at the Union Buildings on Monday, house robberies had increased countrywide by According to the report, Gautengers who live in richer neighbourhoods "like Brooklyn, Garsfontein, Sandton, Honeydew and Douglasdale, have a bigger chance of being targeted or murdered in house robberies".
Retrieved 15 January Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 31 August Agri SA. Retrieved 2 March Retrieved 28 September Pallotti, Arrigo; Engel, Ulf eds. Leiden: Brill. Retrieved 23 August The Independent. City Press. Mail and Guardian. Retrieved 30 October Retrieved 26 June Government of South Africa. Archived from the original PDF on 11 July Retrieved 19 January Pretoria News. Retrieved 25 March Retrieved 3 May African National Congress Website.
Retrieved 23 March Retrieved 25 August Health Systems Trust, South Africa. Definition of minority. Keep scrolling for more. Synonyms for minority Synonyms adolescence , nonage Visit the Thesaurus for More.
Examples of minority in a Sentence The proposal is opposed by a minority of voters. Recent Examples on the Web More businesses in predominantly White, wealthier neighborhoods in San Diego County received federal coronavirus payroll relief loans than businesses in areas with large minority and low-income populations, an analysis of loan program data shows.
First Known Use of minority 15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a. Learn More about minority. Time Traveler for minority The first known use of minority was in the 15th century See more words from the same century. From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. Dictionary Entries near minority minor excommunication minor in Minorite minority minority leader minority report minor key See More Nearby Entries. Already in , there will be more white seniors than children and more white deaths than births according to census projections.
Yet, neither will be the case for the combined minority population for the projected — time frame. Hence, the more rapidly growing, largely white senior population will be increasingly dependent on their contributions to the economy and to government programs such as Medicare and Social Security.
In the census projects whites will comprise only 36 percent of the under age 18 population, with Hispanics accounting for 32 percent. Editor's Note: William H. Play Audio.
Just years ago, few had ventured outside their European homeland. Then, with several acts of genocide clearing the way, they settled in North America, South America, Australia, New Zealand and, to a lesser extent, southern Africa. But now, around the world, whites are falling as a proportion of population. The United Nations collects and produces a vast array of statistics on population, but produces none relating to race or ethnic origin. Indeed few countries collect their own figures on ethnicity - in Europe, only the UK and the Netherlands do.
However, the UN's State of the World Population predicted that 98 per cent of the growth in the world's population by will occur in lesser developed regions, principally Africa and Asia. The most significant reason for this is lower birth rates in rich countries: in 61 countries, mainly the rich ones, people are no longer having enough babies to replace themselves.
In its World Population Profile , the US Census Bureau predicted that by the second decade of this century all the net gain in world population will be in developing countries.
The global centre of gravity is changing. In Europe had a quarter of the world's population, and three times that of Africa; by Europe is predicted to have just 7 per cent of the world population, and a third that of Africa. The ageing and declining populations of predominantly white nations have prompted forecasts of - and calls for - more immigration from the young and growing populations of developing nations to make up the shortfall. Last year net immigration to Britain reached ,, an all-time record.
The Immigration Minister, Barbara Roche, recently announced plans to attract migrants to fill specific skills shortages, such as in the computer industry. Last month Edmund Stoiber, the premier of Bavaria in southern Germany, called on Germans to have more babies as an alternative to more immigrants. His calls echoed those of a fellow Christian Democrat who earlier this year stood on a platform of 'Children not Indians'.
The minerals sector was also important. Gold, asbestos, nickel and chromium were mined by foreign-owned concerns such as Lonrho Lonmin since and Anglo American. These operations were usually run by white managers, engineers and foremen. The Census of 3 May found that Southern Rhodesia had a total population of ,, of whom 33, were Europeans, 1, were Coloured mixed race , 1, Asiatics, , Bantu natives of Southern Rhodesia and , Bantu aliens.
Instead, the country became a self-governing British colony. It never gained full dominion status, although unlike other colonies it was treated as a de facto dominion , with its Prime Minister attending the Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conferences.
In , before Southern Rhodesia was established as a territory, it was estimated that about 1, Europeans resided there. This number grew slowly to around 75, in In the period to the White population doubled to ,, and during that decade , Black people were forcibly resettled from farmland designated for White ownership.
For example, in , Wedza White farmer Harry Meade unsuccessfully opposed the eviction of his Black neighbour Solomon Ndawa from a hectare acre irrigated wheat farm. Meade represented Ndawa at hearings of the Land Commission and attempted to protect Ndawa from abusive questioning.
Large-scale migration to Rhodesia did not begin until after the Second World War. At the colony's first comprehensive census in , Rhodesia had , white residents.
At its peak in the mids Rhodesia's white population consisted of as many as , The most conspicuous group were former British servicemen in the immediate post-war period. But many of the new immigrants were refugees from Communism in Europe, others were former service personnel from British India , others came from Kenya, the Belgian Congo, Zambia, Algeria, and Mozambique. For a time, Rhodesia provided something of a haven for White people who were retreating from decolonisation elsewhere in Africa and Asia.
Post-World War II Rhodesian White settlers were considered different in character from earlier Rhodesian settlers and those from other British colonies, such as Kenya , where settlers were perceived to be drawn from 'the officer class" and from the British landowning class.
By contrast, settlers in Rhodesia after the Second World War were perceived as being drawn from lower social strata and were treated accordingly by the British authorities; as Peter Godwin wrote in The Guardian , "Foreign Office mandarins dismissed white Rhodesians as lower middle class, no more than provincial clerks and artisans, the lowly NCOs of empire. Various factors encouraged the growth of the White population of Rhodesia.
These included the industrialisation and prosperity of the economy in the post-war period. The National Party victory in South Africa was one of the factors that led to the formation of the Central African Federation so as to provide a bulwark against Afrikaner nationalism. British settlement and investment boomed during the Federation years, as Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia now Zambia and Nyasaland now Malawi formed a powerful economic unit counterbalancing the economic power of South Africa.
The economic power of these three areas was a major factor in the establishment of the Federation through a British Act of Parliament. It was also apparent as early as the s that white rule would continue for longer in Rhodesia than it would in other British colonies such as Zambia Northern Rhodesia and Kenya. Many of the new immigrants had a "not here" attitude to majority rule and independence. Rhodesia was run by a white minority government. British colonial rule returned in December , when the country became the British Dependency of Southern Rhodesia.
In April , it was granted independence as Zimbabwe. The White community kept itself largely separate from the Black and Asian communities in the country. Marriage between Black and White people was possible, but remains to the present day very rare.
The Immorality Suppression Ordinance made "illicit" i. The result was a small number of mixed-race persons, 1, out of , total number of inhabitants, according to the census, some of whom were accepted as being White. A proposal by Garfield Todd Prime Minister, — to liberalise the laws regarding interracial sex was viewed as dangerously radical. The proposal was rejected and was one factor that led to the political demise of Todd.
White Rhodesians enjoyed a very high standard of living. The low wages had a large effect in the context of an agricultural economy. Most of the better paid jobs in public service were also reserved for White people. In November , in order to avoid the introduction of Black majority rule commonly referred to at the time as the Wind of Change , the Government of what was then the self-governing colony of Southern Rhodesia issued the Unilateral Declaration of Independence UDI , upon which the country became the de facto independent — albeit unrecognised — state of Rhodesia.
As was the case to varying degrees in most European colonies, White immigrants took a privileged position in all areas of society. However, the White immigrant position in Rhodesia was distinguished in that the local settler minority entrenched its political, economic and social dominance of the country.
Extensive areas of prime farmland were owned by Whites. Senior positions in the public services were reserved for Whites, and Whites working in manual occupations enjoyed legal protection against job competition from Black Africans.
As time passed, this situation became increasingly unwelcome to the majority ethnic groups within the country and also to wide sections of international opinion, leading to the Rhodesian Bush War and eventually the Lancaster House Agreement in After the country's reconstitution as the Republic of Zimbabwe in , Whites had to adjust to being an ethnic minority in a country with a Black majority government.
Although a significant number of Whites remained, many White people emigrated in the earlys; both in fear for their lives and an uncertain future.
Political unrest and the seizure of many White-owned commercial farms resulted in a further exodus of Whites commencing in The census recorded 46, White people living in Zimbabwe. More than 10, were elderly and fewer than 9, were under the age of Between , White emigration to Rhodesia was around , while White emigration overseas was , with an average White population of around , Following independence, the country's White citizens lost most of their former privileges.
A generous social welfare net including both education and healthcare that had supported White people in Rhodesia disappeared almost in an instant. White people in the artisan, skilled worker and supervisory classes began to experience job competition from Black people.
Indigenisation in the public services displaced many White people. The result was that White emigration gathered pace. In the ten-year period from approximately two-thirds of the White community left Zimbabwe. However, many White people resolved to stay in the new Zimbabwe. Only one-third of the White farming community left.
An even smaller proportion of White urban business owners and members of the professional classes left. A article in The Sunday Times Magazine described and pictured the life of Zimbabwean White people at a time when their number was just about to fall below , The lifting of UN-imposed economic sanctions and the end of the Bush War at the time of independence produced an immediate 'peace dividend'. Renewed access to world capital markets made it possible to finance major new infrastructure developments in transport and schools.
One area of economic growth was tourism, catering in particular to visitors from Europe and North America. Many White people found work in this sector. Another area of growth was horticulture, involving the cultivation of flowers, fruits and vegetables which were air-freighted to market in Europe.
The country settled and the White population stabilised. The Lancaster House Agreement , which was the basis for independence from the United Kingdom, had precluded compulsory land redistribution in favour of subsidised voluntary sale of land by White owners, for a period of at least 10 years. The pattern of land ownership established during the Rhodesian state therefore survived for some time after independence. Those White people who were prepared to adapt to the situation they found themselves in were therefore able to continue enjoying a very comfortable existence.
In fact, the independence settlement combined with favourable economic conditions plus ESAP see below produced a year period of unprecedented prosperity for White Zimbabwean people and for the White farming community in particular.
A new class of "young White millionaires" appeared in the farming sector. Zimbabwe's white people "Jun 25, · Non-Hispanic whites are expected to be a minority of the U.S. population in about 25 years. A natural decrease from the number of deaths exceeding births, plus a .